Floristic study of Qara Dagh region in Kurdistan
Qara Dagh Mountain is a part of Irano- Turanian Region and Zagros mountain steppe ecoregion (www.wwf.org); Floristically, this region is not only one of the richest in number of species and genera, but the most active in the formation of the species; Vegetationally, the region is rich in: Forests, various alpine and sub alpine grassy , and herbaceous communities; finally this area is one of the most rich and hot spot for biodiversity in the world and also according to the historical data there were about 30-40 local and regional endemic species recorded in this mountain such us Cousinia kopi-karadaghensis Rech.f., Allium qaradaghense Feinbrun, Galium qaradaghense Schonb.-Temb., Ornithogalum kurdicum Bornm., and Scilla kurdistanica Speta
Disturbance in the Qara Dagh region was rather limited over the past many decades, except perhaps for picnicking during the Nawrooz (Kurdish new year) season and early spring. However, the situation has deteriorated tremendously since the liberation of Iraqi Kurdistan two decades ago, especially after 2010 when the oil drilling began.
The project was started since February 2015, we have collected about 5000 plant species in 84 waypoints in the total area of Qara Dagh from the lowest part to the highest peak of the mountain, and the project will last for three years.
to see some photos click here