Qara Dagh Mountain is a part of Irano- Turanian Region and Zagros mountain steppe ecoregion (www.wwf.org); Floristically, this region is not only one of the richest in number of species and genera, but the most active in the formation of the species; Vegetationally, the region is rich in: Forests, various alpine and sub alpine grassy , and herbaceous communities; finally this area is one of the most rich and hot spot for biodiversity in the world and also according to the historical data there were about 30-40 local and regional endemic species recorded in this mountain such us Cousinia kopi-karadaghensis Rech.f., Allium qaradaghense Feinbrun, Galium qaradaghense Schonb.-Temb., Ornithogalum kurdicum Bornm., and Scilla kurdistanica Speta
Disturbance in the Qara Dagh region was rather limited over the past many decades, except perhaps for picnicking during the Nawrooz (Kurdish new year) season and early spring. However, the situation has deteriorated tremendously since the liberation of Iraqi Kurdistan two decades ago, especially after 2010 when the oil drilling began.
During the QaraDagh mountain project, which lasted for three years, 2015-2017, approximately 8200 specimens were collected from 200 waypoints on 65 field trips to different locations. In order to avoid repetition and confusion during data collection and identification process, each species collected was given a unique number of a continuous series. We expect dozens of new species to science, and many new species to Iraq to be among the collections.
to see some photos click here